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9783895006555

Bujskich, Alla

Die antiken Architekturformen im nördlichen Schwarzmeergebiet

Herkunft und Entwicklung

2010
21.0 x 29.7 cm, 336 p., 24 illustrations color, 425 illustrations b/w, 1 Klapptafel, hardback
78,00 €

ISBN: 9783895006555

Short Description

The study investigates the appearance and further development of architectural orders in the major Greek colonies in the North Pontus, especially in the main cities Tyras, Olbia, Chersonesos and Pantikapaion. Special attention is paid to the question of the local architectural schools and the stylistic influences first from southern Ionia, primarily Miletus, later on from Attica as well as Asia Minor and finally from Italian workshops. It is proved that in the first centuries A.D. the North Pontic littoral became closely connected with the imperial marble trade from Prokonnesos Island via the Black Sea, bringing to an end the local architectural tradition.

Description

This study is devoted to investigate the development of architectural orders in public and private architecture in the major Greek colonies in the northern part of the Black Sea area. Detailed analysis of architectural members lets us conclude that only one stylistic influence, mainly associated with the region of southern Ionia, affected the earliest pieces of Ionic order, and that this influence can be traced primarily to Miletus, the mother city of the first colonies in the North Pontus.
Until the end of the Late Archaic period we are able to see a development of a local Ionic style in Olbia and the Bosporan region, especially also in Pantikapaion. The first public buildings with architectural decoration were represented by altars and temples. But during the 5th through 4th century B.C. different stylistic influences were effective: The north-western area was closely linked to Attica - local stone production of architectural details was dominated by Ionic and Doric orders under Attic influence. The north-eastern region, however, shows a strong influence of the Ionic order in Asia Minor, while the style in the Bosporan state, both the European and Asian parts, was shaped by public architecture at the capital, Pantikapaion. In the Hellenistic period, the development of monumental architecture using the different orders culminated in all regions of the North Pontus: Local architectural workshops flourished. It was the time when the third, the Corinthian order appeared, used mainly in small architectures as for example often in grave monuments, precincts and naiskoi. During the whole pre-Roman period, less than 10 percent of marble pieces were imported, mainly belonging to the Ionic and Corinthian orders.
The appearance of the Romans in the region stopped the development of local architectural schools. Since then we find - in the 1st century A.D. - copies of Tuscan and Corinthian orders under the influence of Italian workshops, thus a western tradition. Later, from Hadrianic times until the end of the 3rd century, architectural decorations of public architecture depend on the style closely connected with the imperial marble trade: Import from Prokonnesos Island via the Black Sea was obviously preferred to local production, resulting in an amount of ca. 70 percent of imported marble decoration during the Imperial Period.
As the main result of this study on architectural members in the North Pontic region we are able to incorporate this area into the general process of developing Greek architectural forms and thus reveal another aspect of the acculturation during the Greek colonization.

Biographical Note

Alla Bujskich was born in Kiev, graduated from Kiev University in 1984, PhD: 1993 and Habilitation: 2009. Alexander von Humboldt fellow at the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Eurasien Abteilung: 2000 to 2002. Since 1982 until present, at the Institute of Archaeology of The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Department of Classical Archaeology.
Main interests: Greek and Roman antiquities in the northern part of the Black Sea area, classical architecture and city-planning in this region, Greek colonization of the northern Black Sea.

Series Description

In the series of “Archäologische Forschungen” (Archaeological Studies), monographs on the various areas of research in Classical Archaeology are published, mainly concentrating on studies concerning architecture, urban research, topography and everyday culture of Greece, Asia Minor, and the periphery of the Greek world. The chronological scope ranges from the beginning of periodized history to late antiquity. The following volumes, partly to be published in sub-series, will present the findings of research and excavations in the Hellenistic and Roman towns of Priene, Aizanoi and Pompeii. “Archäologische Forschungen” are edited by the Head Office of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (German Archaeological Institute) in Berlin.

Keywords

Archaeology (396) || Archaeology by period / region (316) || Architecture (154) || Architekturornamentik || Black Sea (4) || History of architecture (46) || Landscape archaeology (85) || Nordpontos || Oceans & seas (5) || Theory of architecture (2) || architektonischer Lokalstil || griechische Architektur || griechische Kolonisation || nordpontische Architekturschulen || nordpontische Region || römische Architektur (2)