(0)
9783895000423

Wießner, Gunnar

Hayoths Dzor – Xavasor

Ethnische, ökonomische und kulturelle Transformation eines ländlichen Siedlungsgebietes in der östlichen Türkei seit dem 19. Jahrhundert

1997
17.0 x 24.0 cm, 260 p., 30 illustrations b/w, 36 line drawings b/w, 36 Zeichnungen und Tabellen, hardback
45,00 €

ISBN: 9783895000423

Short Description

The expulsion of the Armenian population from Eastern Anatolia during the First World War marked the separation of one of the oldeset Middle Eastern cultures from their homeland. Despite the historical significancy of the event, the cultural transformation which afterwards took place in the region, still remains widely unkown. The region subsequently was dominated by Kurdish migrant populations. The cultural consequences of this demographic shift for the region have never been examined.
In this publication, the author examines the cultural history of a Kurdish settlement area in Eastern Anatolia containing 40 villages. Wießner describes the process of the Armenian expulsion and the Kurdish immigration that followed. He considers the legal provisions that were applied to transferring property titles and analyzes physical changes in the region such as settlement layout and housing architecture. With the example of Yedikilise, Wießner reconstructs the transformation of a former Armenian monastery into a Kurdish village.

Description

The expulsion of the Armenian population from Eastern Anatolia during the First World War marked the separation of one of the oldeset Middle Eastern cultures from their homeland. Despite the historical significancy of the event, the cultural transformation which afterwards took place in the region, still remains widely unkown. The region subsequently was dominated by Kurdish migrant populations. The cultural consequences of this demographic shift for the region have never been examined.
In this publication, the author examines the cultural history of a Kurdish settlement area in Eastern Anatolia containing 40 villages. Wießner describes the process of the Armenian expulsion and the Kurdish immigration that followed. He considers the legal provisions that were applied to transferring property titles and analyzes physical changes in the region such as settlement layout and housing architecture. With the example of Yedikilise, Wießner reconstructs the transformation of a former Armenian monastery into a Kurdish village.
The author focuses on changes in land use, in particular in cultivation of crops and the pastoral economy. An intensive evaluation of pre-war literature provides insights into the continued worship of sacred places and the usage of Armenian toponyms. Wießner reflects the attitude of today’s Kurdish inhabitants towards the region’s Armenian past and describes their interpretation of the evetns during the First World War.
Wießner’s study balances an analysis of written sources with in-depth field research of the region. The reader gains a vivid impression of the cultural-historical development of a rural area in Eastern Anatolia and familiarizes with a variety of new issues which will serve as guidelines for future research on this region.

Keywords

20th century, c 1900 to c 1999 (69) || Armenia (24) || Cultural & media studies (221) || Cultural studies (203) || Early 20th century c 1900 to c 1950 (27) || Eastern Europe (232) || First World War (2) || Genocide & ethnic cleansing (3) || History (736) || History: specific events & topics (268) || Interdisciplinary studies (44) || Landentwicklung || Migration, immigration & emigration (11) || Military history (14) || Neuere Geschichte (16) || Regional studies (23) || Siedlungsgeschichte (12) || Social & cultural history (30) || Social & ethical issues (22) || Society & culture: general (306) || Specific wars & campaigns (8) || Turkey (224) || Volkskunde (9) || Völkerkunde (8) || c 1910 to c 1919 (3)