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9783895005961

Beschrieben von Jürgen Geiß

Mittelalterliche Handschriften in Greifswalder Bibliotheken

Verzeichnis der Bestände der Bibliothek des Geistlichen Ministeriums (Dombibliothek St. Nikolai), der Universitätsbibliothek und des Universitätsarchivs

2009
20.0 x 28.0 cm, 432 p., 10 illustrations color, 17 illustrations b/w, cloth
128,00 €

ISBN: 9783895005961

Short Description

The catalogue describes 174 manuscripts of the late medieval period (ca. 1250 - end of the 16th centuries), now held by the Church Library Saint Nicolas (Geistliches Ministerium) and the University Library at Greifswald. Many manuscripts - especially the items from Saint Nicolas - come from contemporary Greifswald provenances, mostly from the former libraries of the black and grey friar communities in the town. The medieval manuscripts of the Greifswald libraries are very important for the cultural history of the Hanse region. The printed edition is a supplement to the electronic edition published by the German manuscript database (www.manuscripta-mediaevalia.de).

Description

The catalogue describes 174 manuscripts of the late medieval period (ca. 1250 - end of the 16th centuries), now held by the Church Library Saint Nicolas (Geistliches Ministerium, 104 codices) and the University at Greifswald (University Library, 66 codices; University Archive, 4 codices). The catalogue data had been worked out from Dec. 1, 2001 up to Oct. 31, 2006 in the Centre of Manuscript Research in the States Library Berlin (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz) according to the abbreviated guidelines for descriptions of late medieval manuscripts by the German Research Community (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft).
The codices at St. Nicolas’ Library predominantly consist of medieval text for the theological and juridical practice of its owners. More than 80 percent of them derive from the contemporary libraries of the black and grey friar communities in the town. Some scattered items come from several clergymen at the Greifswald parish church of St. Mary’s, whereas from the two other church libraries of the town (St. Nicolas’, St. Jacob) no medieval manuscript has survived. Some of the codices from the cloister and church libraries at Greifswald reflect the dawn of the university founded in 1456, as the contemporary libraries of the faculties of arts, theology, law and medicine are lost without any trace. The most important examples for that are two legacies by two members of the university, an important donation (20 codices) by the lawyer Johannes Meilof to the library of the grey friars (20 codices) and a smaller by the theologian Wichmann Kruse to St. Mary’s.
The provenance of the manuscripts from Greifswald University Library and their subjects are much more diversified. Law, theology, medicine, artes, chronicles and devotional texts, vocabularies and litterae humaniores represent the main branches of late medieval literature. Outstanding is an early manuscript of the ‘Decretales’ written and illuminated around 1250 in Paris, three humanistic codices produced for Johannes Abezier, bishop of Warmia, during the Council at Constance at the beginning of the 15th century, a dozen prayer books in Middle Low German and Dutch languages and four Swedish codices from the 16th century concerning law and historiographical subjects. In most instances these manuscripts do not come from medieval Greifswald, but from the Baltic Sea regions, the Netherlands, the Low Rhine areas and sporadical from Italy and France.
The four medieval codices in the University Archive bequeath the main register and the annals plus the deanery and constitutional registers of the faculty of arts. These items represent the most important sources of Greifswald University history.
The data of the printed catalogue is also accessible via the German manuscript database (www.manuscripta-mediaevalia.de). In addition you will find here digital copies of the manuscripts, approximately one third as complete copies and the rest in selection. A representative choice of 26 images (16 black and white, 10 coloured) is contained in the printed catalogue.
All in all the medieval manuscripts of the Greifswald libraries - especially those from the Church Library of St. Nicolas’ - are very important for the cultural history of the Hanse region, as in no other town of this region manuscripts survived in matchable closeness.

Biographical Note

Dr. Jürgen Geiß
Studium der Germanistischen Mediävistik, Geschichte des Mittelalters und Historischen Hilfswissenschaften in München und Tübingen. 1993 bis 1999 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Germanistischen Seminar in München. 1999 Promotion zur lateinischen Drucküberlieferung Francesco Petrarcas (1470 bis 1525). 1999 bis 2001 Ausbildung für den Höheren Bibliotheksdienst in Wuppertal und Köln. 2001 bis 2006 Bearbeiter eines Kataloges der mittelalterlichen Handschriften in Greifswalder Bibliotheken am Handschriftenzentrum in Berlin. Seit 2007 dort Mitarbeiter im Erschließungsprojekt zu mittelalterlichen Handschriften der Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn. Veröffentlichungen zum spätmittelalterlichen Buchwesen (Handschriften, Inkunabeln, Einbandkunde; Rekonstruktion zeitgenössischer Büchersammlungen).

Keywords

13th century, c 1200 to c 1299 (102) || 14th century, c 1300 to c 1399 (91) || 15th century, c 1400 to c 1499 (119) || 16th century, c 1500 to c 1599 (135) || Bettelorden || Central Europe (245) || Cultural & media studies (221) || Cultural studies (203) || Exhibition catalogues & specific collections (206) || Fine arts: treatments & subjects (377) || German (67) || Germany (234) || Historical research: source documents (207) || History (736) || History: theory & methods (215) || Latin (34) || Linguistics (657) || Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (7) || Niederländisch || Northeast Germany (17) || Palaeography (study & history of writing) (194) || Pommern || Society & culture: general (306) || Textüberlieferung (2) || Theology (31) || c 1000 CE to c 1500 (344)