(0)
9783954903504

Kaffenberger, Thomas

Tradition and Identity: The Architecture of Greek Churches in Cyprus (14th to 16th Centuries)

2020
17,0 x 24,0 cm, 1011 S., s/w Abb., farb. Abb., Leinen
198,00 €

ISBN: 9783954903504
zur E-Book Version
Vorwort
Inhaltsverzeichnis
Probekapitel

Kurze Beschreibung

Über 300 griechische Kirchen aus der Zeit zwischen 1300 und 1571 haben sich auf Zypern erhalten oder sind dokumentarisch überliefert. Dieser Bestand wurde nun erstmals systematisch erfasst sowie fotografisch und zeichnerisch dokumentiert. Diese im Katalogband enthaltene Dokumentation wird im Textband kunst- und kulturhistorisch ausgewertet und eingeordnet. Neben traditionellen Fragestellungen zu Bautypologie und Formengenese folgt die Untersuchung den im Titel enthaltenen Leitbegriffen “Tradition” und “Identität”. Dabei interessierte unter anderem die Frage, inwiefern individuelle und kollektive Identitäten mit Hilfe architektonischer Werke innerhalb des multikulturellen und multikonfessionellen Umfeldes Zyperns im hohen und ausgehenden Mittelalter vermittelt wurden. Die Studie leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Betrachtung der Dynamiken kulturellen Austausches im östlichen Mediterraneum des Spätmittelalters.

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Art history has often attempted to understand past cultures through an investigation of the most elaborate parts of their artistic legacy. However, in times of an increased interest in anthropological, socio-historical questions, the apprehension of the material legacy of past cultures in general becomes necessary. This fosters the exploration of previously unstudied corpuses of objects, buildings, which can provide us with most valuable insights into the functioning of past societies.
One of those corpuses, never comprehensively studied, are the over 300 Greek churches built or profoundly altered on the island of Cyprus under Latin/ Venetian rule between the early 14th century and the Ottoman conquest of 1571, so in a climate of multifaceted cultural encounters and exchanges. This material legacy was now for a first time systematically recorded and documented. The core of the present study is thus formed by the catalogue volume, presenting an in-depth analysis of construction phases and stylistic characteristics for 261 preserved churches, as well as commentaries on 54 further buildings only known through descriptions or pictorial sources. The text volume addresses the historical and artistic context by applying various methodologies to the studied material. After an introduction, disburdening the churches from previous biased or misleading scholarly verdicts, the foundations are set with a look at the development of local church architecture before the Latin conquest and a detailed chapter on typologies of plans, decorative elements or transformation processes. The next chapters focus on the analysis of stylistic developments – most importantly, the exchange between Western, Gothic and Eastern, Levantine architectural idioms and their formal impact on local Byzantine traditions. A recurring topic in the island’s architecture is the inclination to aesthetic regresses to periods long past, leading to the first of two keywords indicated already in the title: tradition. It is asked in which way a sense of tradition constructed, perpetuated, and multiplied through the design of churches. Ultimately this leads to the discussion of individual and collective identities and the way those were negotiated with the help of architectural works within the multicultural and multiconfessional Cypriot society. Thus, the study constitutes an important contribution to the apprehension of dynamics of cultural exchange in late medieval eastern Mediterranean.

Schlagworte

Architektur (159) || Geschichte der Architektur (47) || Griechisch (33) || Identität (7) || Kirchenbau (8) || Kulturelle Identität (6) || Kulturgeschichte (23) || Kunstgeschichte (228) || Levante (30) || Mittelalter (248) || Mittelalterlicher Stil (32) || Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik (677) || Tradition (3) || Zypern (7)