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9783954905089

Hg. von Thomas G. Schattner, Von W. Martini und Thomas G. Schattner mit Beiträgen von Carlos Basas Fauré, Mario Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Christian Hartl-Reiter, Heliodoro Ruipérez und Doris Schäffler

Mulva VII

Die Thermen und das Forum

2021
21.0 x 31.5 cm, 512 p., 216 illustrations color, 431 illustrations b/w, 37 Tafeln, cloth, 2 Bände, Textband: 512 Seiten, Beilagenband: 37 Tafeln
220,00 €

ISBN: 9783954905089
Preface
Table of Contents
Sample

Short Description

The municipium flavium muniguense/Munigua (Villanueva del Río y Minas) is located about 50 km northeast of Seville/Andalusia in the first foothills of the Sierra Morena. Founded in the 4th century BC, the site was inhabited until the Islamic Middle Ages. Its history, which goes back more than a thousand years, is marked by the Roman era. The archaeological evidence so far points to the period between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AD. Since 1956, it has been entrusted by the Spanish antiquities authorities to the scholars of the Madrid Department of the German Archaeological Institute/Deutsches Archäologisches Institut as a research project, who have carried out archaeological research there in annual campaigns. During this time, different focal points emerged. At the beginning, from 1956 to 1977, the research concentrated on topographical questions, from 1967 to 2011 on housing and the necropolis (1967-1996), and from 1999 to 2011 the aim was exploring the economic bases of the city. In view of the advanced state of knowledge achieved, with half a dozen books and more than 100 scientific articles, a project for the 3D reconstruction of the city's buildings was launched. This research is particularly concerned with the functionality of the buildings. The baths and the forum, which are dealt with in detail in this volume, are part of this project.
On the basis of detailed building descriptions, concrete clues emerged in each case for the separation of the building phases and for their chronology. Reconstructions in 3D format complete the picture. Methodically, the approach is based on the combination of conventional documentation methods with new structure-from-motion techniques. For the 3D reconstructions, the program SketchUp was used. The conditions and requirements for the use of these tools are described in separate contributions by Chr. Hartl-Reiter, D. Schäffler and H. Ruipérez. C. Basas presents the pottery finds from the baths.
The volume describes the development of a local settlement into a Roman town within the framework of its set theme. This results not least from the inclusion of the surrounding streets as well as the statuary in the buildings. The baths are the first public building to be erected in Munigua. This took place in the middle of the 1st century AD, probably during the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD). In the period that followed, the building was repeatedly rebuilt, and a total of four phases can be distinguished. Construction of the forum began in the early Flavian period, probably during the reign of Emperor Vespasian (69-79 AD), i.e. one generation later. The date is so close to the granting of Latin legal status to the whole of Hispania, as reported by Pliny (nat. Hist. III 30), that a connection seems likely. However, the investigation shows that the forum was not functional, as it fell victim to a construction stop that was to last until the 90’s AD. Only then was it completed, probably in the time of Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). The building inscription of L. Valerius Firmus has been preserved, as well as the endowment inscription for the Sacellum of the Dis Pater by L. Aelius Fronto. They document not only the financing of the public buildings by private patrons but also their design and furnishing, which could be carried out gradually.

Description

The municipium flavium muniguense/Munigua (Villanueva del Río y Minas) is located about 50 km northeast of Seville/Andalusia in the first foothills of the Sierra Morena. Founded in the 4th century BC, the site was inhabited until the Islamic Middle Ages. Its history, which goes back more than a thousand years, is marked by the Roman era. The archaeological evidence so far points to the period between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AD. Since 1956, it has been entrusted by the Spanish antiquities authorities to the scholars of the Madrid Department of the German Archaeological Institute/Deutsches Archäologisches Institut as a research project, who have carried out archaeological research there in annual campaigns. During this time, different focal points emerged. At the beginning, from 1956 to 1977, the research concentrated on topographical questions, from 1967 to 2011 on housing and the necropolis (1967-1996), and from 1999 to 2011 the aim was exploring the economic bases of the city. In view of the advanced state of knowledge achieved, with half a dozen books and more than 100 scientific articles, a project for the 3D reconstruction of the city's buildings was launched. This research is particularly concerned with the functionality of the buildings. The baths and the forum, which are dealt with in detail in this volume, are part of this project.
On the basis of detailed building descriptions, concrete clues emerged in each case for the separation of the building phases and for their chronology. Reconstructions in 3D format complete the picture. Methodically, the approach is based on the combination of conventional documentation methods with new structure-from-motion techniques. For the 3D reconstructions, the program SketchUp was used. The conditions and requirements for the use of these tools are described in separate contributions by Chr. Hartl-Reiter, D. Schäffler and H. Ruipérez. C. Basas presents the pottery finds from the baths.
The volume describes the development of a local settlement into a Roman town within the framework of its set theme. This results not least from the inclusion of the surrounding streets as well as the statuary in the buildings. The baths are the first public building to be erected in Munigua. This took place in the middle of the 1st century AD, probably during the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD). In the period that followed, the building was repeatedly rebuilt, and a total of four phases can be distinguished. Construction of the forum began in the early Flavian period, probably during the reign of Emperor Vespasian (69-79 AD), i.e. one generation later. The date is so close to the granting of Latin legal status to the whole of Hispania, as reported by Pliny (nat. Hist. III 30), that a connection seems likely. However, the investigation shows that the forum was not functional, as it fell victim to a construction stop that was to last until the 90’s AD. Only then was it completed, probably in the time of Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). The building inscription of L. Valerius Firmus has been preserved, as well as the endowment inscription for the Sacellum of the Dis Pater by L. Aelius Fronto. They document not only the financing of the public buildings by private patrons but also their design and furnishing, which could be carried out gradually.

Biographical Note

Thomas G. Schattner (born 1955) studied Classical Archaeology, Art History and Romanics at the universities of Mainz, Bonn and Coimbra. He received his doctorate in the winter semester 1986/87 at the University of Mainz with the thesis "Griechische Hausmodelle. Untersuchungen zur frühgriechischen Architektur" directed by Burkhardt Wesenberg. He then joined the headquarters of the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin as a research fellow in the scientific department. As an assistant to Klaus Tuchelt, he worked regularly on the excavation in Didyma (Turkey) until 1996. This also gave rise to the topic of his habilitation in 2001 at the University of Giessen: "Didyma. Die Fundkeramik des 8. bis 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr." Schattner is an associate professor of Classical Archaeology at this university. In 1996, he was elected Scientific Director of the Madrid department of the German Archaeological Institute Madrid, based in Lisbon. After the closure of the Lisbon branch in 1999, he moved to the Madrid department. He had been in charge of excavations in the Hispano-Roman municipality of Munigua (Villanueva del Río y Minas) since 1996. He retired at the end of January 2021.
His scientific work shows the wide range of his interests. He is a member of numerous scholarly associations: Full Member of the German Archaeological Institute, Miembro Correspondiente de la Real Academia de la Historia (Madrid), Membro Correspondente da Academia da História (Lisboa), Miembro Correspondiente de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Santa Isabel de Hungría (Sevilla), Miembro Correspondiente de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes y Ciencias Históricas (Toledo), Miembro Correspondiente de la Academia Andaluza de la Historia (Seville) and Miembro de Honor de la Gran Institución Duque de Alba (Ávila).
Wolfram Martini (1941-2017) graduated from the Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium in Stuttgart. He studied classical archaeology, classical philology, ancient history, prehistory and early history and art history in Heidelberg, Lawrence (USA), Mainz, Rome and Hamburg. In the winter semester 1967/68, he received his doctorate in Hamburg under Ulf Jantzen with the thesis "Die etruskische Ringsteinglyptik". He then worked as an assistant in Kiel from 1968 to 1982 and from 1969 to 1979 was involved in the excavation of a complex of buildings in the ancient city of Samos on behalf of the German Archaeological Institute. In 1977/78, he completed his habilitation in Kiel with the thesis "The Gymnasium of Samos I. The Hellenistic Complex and the Imperial Period Baths". From 1983 to 1985 he taught as a professor at the University of Kiel. From 1985 until his retirement in 2006, he was Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Giessen. Martini was a member of the Central Directorate of the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin from 1985 to 2010 and a Corresponding member of the Austrian Archaeological Institute and German Archaeological Institute since 1975.

Keywords

Anthropology (78) || Archaeology (465) || Archaeology by period / region (382) || Architecture (161) || Baugeschichte (16) || Social & cultural anthropology (76) || Sociology & anthropology (107) || Spain: Ancient History (up to c 200 BCE) (2) || römisch (23)