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9783895009396

Franke-Ziedan, Claudia

Satire und Kontext

Gesellschaftskritik in den Dramen des ägyptischen Autors Ali Salem

2013
17.0 x 24.0 cm, 272 p., hardback
69,00 €

ISBN: 9783895009396
Preface
Table of Contents
Sample

Short Description

This study examines the dramas of the Egyptian writer Ali Salem (b. 1936). In addition to determining Salem’s position in literary history and outlining developments in modern Arab theatre, the contemporary dramatist’s plays written in Egyptian dialect are given detailed consideration. Specifically, the satirical style of these texts is analyzed, enabling the socio-critical potential of these stage works to be identified and gauged.

Description

The playwright Ali Salem (born 1936) is considered to be one of the most important contemporary Egyptian satirists. The main concern of this study is to undergo a detailed analysis of the satirical writing style of this author. In order to do this, three of Ali Salem's stage works are examined at the levels action design, character design and example of dramatic language. Taking into account the political and social circumstances in the current context of the pieces, the means for producing literary satire will be revealed on these three levels. The dramas selected for exemplary analysis are from different eras of modern Egyptian history and each deal with a problem or an event from the real context. The author demonstrates these problems critically or makes them ridiculous through his satirical writing. The first of the studied dramas was written during the reign of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. In this piece, Ali Salem attacks – in an encrypted way – the suppression of free speech through government censorship. The second drama was created during the presidential regime of Anwar as-Sadat. It criticizes the liberal economic policies of Nasser's successor, of which only a few Egyptians benefited, whereas the majority of the Egyptian population impoverished. The author denounces the unwillingness of state leaders to take action against the increasing impoverishment of the Egyptian middle class and the serious abuses in the country. The third drama, which is analyzed in detail, focuses on the apostasy charge forced divorce, which was imposed in the 1990s on the known Egyptian Islamic scholar Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid. With the means of literary satire, the ridiculousness of this event is revealed and religious intolerance is scourged. To succeed in the analysis of the satirical style of Ali Salem, the study takes into account the various facets of research discussed around the concept of satire, and leads to other examples of Arab writing that use the resource of literary satire to refer to real circumstances of their developmental contexts.
In addition to the detailed analyzes of the three plays, the study contains a chronological overview of the dramatic works of Ali Salem, with references to the respective references to reality and the literary agent. A detailed excursus is devoted to the controversial travelogue of Ali Salem, which emerged in the early 1990s as part of his trip to Israel.
The importance of this research lies in the fact that here, in monographic form, Ali Salem's works of drama are taken into view for the first time. In addition, the study presents a multi-layered process for the analysis of dramatic texts in terms of their satirical content.

Biographical Note

Geboren 1974; Studium der Islamwissenschaft, Arabistik und Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Bayreuth und Kairo von 1998-2004; 2004/2005 DAAD-Sprachassistentin an der Universität Helwan/Ägypten; Lehraufträge an der Universität Bayreuth; 2006-2010 DAAD-Lektorin an der Universität Aleppo; Promotion an der Universität Leipzig im Fach Arabistik; Lehraufträge am Orientalischen Institut der Universität Leipzig; DaF-Dozentin bei InterDaF am Herder-Institut der Universität Leipzig (im Moment: Elternzeit)
Forschungsschwerpunkt: Moderne arabische Literatur

Series Description

Literatures in Context is a peer-reviewed book series devoted to Near Eastern and North African literatures. The editors want the title of the series to be understood programmatically. They presuppose a concept of world literature that includes Near Eastern and North African literatures. What is more, they assume that literatures are in many ways marked by intertextuality, that they constitute readings of extremely diverse earlier texts, and that they are posited within a field of tensions, much broader than their respective national language. For the earlier eras of Near Eastern and North African literatures, this field of tensions geographically covers the regions of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor. In modern times, it has become a space of interaction that has long since included “global” Western literatures (and realities). This does not imply that the modern Near Eastern and North African literatures have severed themselves from their predecessors. Instead it is precisely the tension between different sets of references in modern Near Eastern and North African literatures, or their “local historical context”, which is a great part of their attraction, that remains a crucial field of research for the modern scholar.

Keywords

20th century, c 1900 to c 1999 (68) || 21st century, c 2000 to c 2100 (12) || Abū-Zaid, Naṣr Ḥāmid || Cairo (6) || Drama (3) || Egypt (233) || Humor || Humorous fiction || Ibn-Dāniyāl, Muḥammad (2) || Israel (46) || Komik || Linguistics (651) || Literary studies: plays & playwrights (2) || Literature: history & criticism (148) || Māġūṭ, Muḥammad al- || North Africa (237) || Plays, playscripts (4) || Political control & freedoms (7) || Politics & government (65) || Reisebericht (7) || Sannū, Ya'qūb || Satire (2) || Satirical fiction & parodies || Semantics, discourse analysis, stylistics (21) || Society & culture: general (299) || Sālim, ʿAlī || Theater (7) || Umgangssprache (3) || Ägyptischer Dialekt