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9783895006241

Ciancaglini, Claudia

Iranian Loanwords in Syriac

2008
17,0 x 24,0 cm, 364 S., Leinen
68,00 €

ISBN: 9783895006241
Vorwort
Inhaltsverzeichnis

Kurze Beschreibung

The book investigates the deep linguistic contact between Iranians and Arameans from the formation of the Achaemenid empire onwards, and focuses especially on the linguistic relationship between Middle Persian and Classical Syriac during the Sasanian empire, a subject on which a modern systematic study was still missing.
The first part of the book is a detailed study of the historical and linguistic conditions which favoured the entry of a great number of Iranian words into Syriac and the linguistic consequences of such borrowings. The second part contains, in dictionary form, hundreds of entries in which each single Iranian loanword is considered, together with its etymon, alternative forms, and derivatives. Each entry also includes a list of occurrences and the relevant bibliography. A complete index of words closes the volume.
The study of the prolonged contact between such prestigious languages as Syriac and Middle Persian, that are only attested in written records, enriches our knowledge of the typologies of language interference and bilingualism in ancient society. More specifically, it allows to recover a considerable amount of otherwise unattested Middle Persian vocabulary and provides new insights into the linguistic systems of both Syriac and Middle Persian.

Ausführliche Beschreibung

The book investigates the deep linguistic contact between Iranians and Arameans from the formation of the Achaemenid empire onwards, and focuses especially on the linguistic relationship between Middle Persian and Classical Syriac during the Sasanian empire, a subject on which a modern systematic study was still missing.
The first part of the book is a detailed study of the historical and linguistic conditions which favoured the entry of a great number of Iranian words into Syriac and the linguistic consequences of such borrowings. Besides a short description of the Syriac language and literature and a historical overview of the relationship of Syriac with Greek and Iranian languages, the first part of the book analyses in details the typology of the various kinds of Iranian borrowings in Syriac, both lexical and morphosyntactic ones. The loanwords are examined according to their different epochs of attestation, dialectal sources and level of phonological and morphological adaptation. Starting from a contrastive analysis of the phonological systems of Classical Syriac and Middle Persian, the first part of the book also deals with the peculiarities of the phonological and morphological treatment of Iranian loanwords in Syriac, especially in relation to phoneme inventories, syllabic structures, prothetic vowels and consonant clusters. Finally, all the data are included in a general picture of the specific features of the interference between Syriac and Iranian languages, and this interference is compared with the most widespread theoretical issues in contact linguistics, from Weinreich's study until Thomason and Kaufman's one.
The second part contains, in dictionary form, hundreds of entries in which each single Iranian loanword is considered, together with its etymon, alternative forms, and derivatives. Particular attention has been paid to reborrowing phenomena, calques and allotropes. Each entry also includes a list of occurrences and the relevant bibliography. Scholars interested in Middle Iranian lexicography will find many Middle Persian words not otherwise known and only recoverable through their presence in Syriac as loanwords, especially words pertaining to the semantic areas of medicine, botany, mineralogy, administration and so on. A complete index of words closes the volume.
The study of the prolonged contact between such prestigious languages as Syriac and Middle Persian, that are only attested in written records, enriches our knowledge of the typologies of language interference and bilingualism in ancient society. The book may be of interest both for general and historical linguists concerned with bilingualism, diglossia and contact phenomena, and for specialists in Iranian and Semitic linguistics.

Autoreninfo

Claudia A. Ciancaglini, born in Torino (Italy), is associate professor of Historical Linguistics at Faculty of Oriental Studies of “La Sapienza” University, Rome.
Her research interests mainly focus on linguistic contact and genealogy, classical philology, Old Persian and Middle Iranian languages, Classical Syriac, Ancient Greek philosophy, Indo-European studies. Among a number of articles in scholarly journals, she has published: “Sciti, iranici, nomadi: problemi di etnonimia in Strabone” (2001); “The Syriac Version of the Alexander Romance” (2001); “Le ‘lettere persiane’ nelle Storie di Teofilatto Simocatta” (2004).

Schlagworte

Afroasiatische Sprachen, Hamitosemitisch (122) || Historische und vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft (359) || Indische, Ost-Indoeuropäische und Dravidische Sprachen (94) || Indogermanistik (43) || Indoiranische Sprachen (85) || Iranistik (45) || Persisch, Farsi (23) || Semitische Sprachen (95) || Sprache: Nachschlagewerke (195) || Sprachwissenschaft (85) || Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik (657) || Syrisch (3) || Wörterbücher (192) || Wörterbücher, zwei- und mehrsprachig (7)